In light of the momentum building to improve the fortunes of young men of color, this review examines what is known about this population -- particularly related to their struggles in the labor market -- and highlights programs that are shown by randomized controlled trials to be making a difference.
The number of jobs that once provided middle-class wages to workers without any postsecondary education (or without a high school diploma) has sharply declined, and the consequences are particularly severe for young men of color.
Effective assistance to young men of color can be divided into two broad categories: 1) proactive approaches, or preventive interventions aimed at youth who are still connected to positive systems; and 2) reconnection approaches, or interventions targeting those who have disconnected from those systems (e.g., who have dropped out of school or the labor market).
Proactive approaches to help young men of color connect to and progress through postsecondary education and training address common barriers that low-income and first-generation college students often face, such as financial pressure, poor academic preparation, or inadequate advising and counseling.
Jobs-Plus, an employment program based in housing developments, is an intervention aimed at reconnecting young men of color to better jobs which has shown promising results.
To make a lasting difference, successful interventions must be taken to scale – that is, replicated and expanded successfully in new settings – a process that can often be difficult and time-intensive.
Title:: Boosting the Life Chances of Young Men of Color: Evidence From Promising Programs
Publication date: 2014-06-25
Publication Year: 2014 Christopher Wimer
, Dan Bloom
North America / United States
, life chances
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